Publications

PUBLICATIONS


Global Aging with Pride: International Perspectives on LGBTQ+ Aging
A Two-Part Special Issue 

Published in The International Journal of Aging and Human Development.

By drawing upon international, interdisciplinary experts, this special issue addresses the unique cultural influences, dimensions, and dynamic nature of conducting research with LGBT older adults and presents cutting-edge findings, conceptual frameworks, and practices, as well as a nuanced perspective on the strengths and challenges facing LGBT older adults in countries around the world. We highlight the lessons learned across the varied international landscape from 6 continents, spanning 10 different countries, including Argentina, Australia, Canada, China, Israel, Portugal, South Africa, Sweden, United Kingdom, and the United States as well as HIV across the globe. These special issues were edited by Karen Fredriksen Goldsen and Brian de Vries.

Part I:

 

Fredriksen Goldsen, K., & de Vries, B. (2019). Global Aging With Pride: International Perspectives on LGBT Aging. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 315–324. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019837648

 

Siverskog, A., & Bromseth, J. (2019). Subcultural Spaces: LGBTQ Aging in a Swedish Context. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 325–340. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019836923

 

Iacub, R., Arias, C. J., Mansinho, M., Winzeler, M., & Vazquez Jofre, R. (2019). Sociocultural Changes and the Construction of Identity in Lesbian and Gay Elderly People in Argentina. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 341–357. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019836928

 

de Vries, B., Gutman, G., Humble, Á., Gahagan, J., Chamberland, L., Aubert, P., … Mock, S. (2019). End-of-Life Preparations Among LGBT Older Canadian Adults: The Missing Conversations. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 358–379. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019836738

 

Fredriksen Goldsen, K., Kim, H.-J., Jung, H., & Goldsen, J. (2019). The Evolution of Aging With Pride—National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study: Illuminating the Iridescent Life Course of LGBTQ Adults Aged 80 Years and Older in the United States. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 380–404. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019837591

 

Reygan, F., & Henderson, N. (2019). All Bad? Experiences of Aging Among LGBT Elders in South Africa. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 405–421. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019836929

 

Pereira, H., de Vries, B., Serzedelo, A., Serrano, J. P., Afonso, R. M., Esgalhado, G., & Monteiro, S. (2019). Growing Older Out of the Closet: A Descriptive Study of Older LGB Persons Living in Lisbon, Portugal. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 422–439. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019836107

 

Hua, B., Yang, V. F., & Goldsen, K. LGBT Older Adults at a Crossroads in Mainland China: The Intersections of Stigma, Cultural Values, and Structural Changes Within a Shifting Context. (2019).  The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 440–456. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019837614

 

Part II:

 

Lee, J. J., Kim, H.-J., & Fredriksen Goldsen, K. (2019). The Role of Immigration in the Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Older Adults in the United States. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 89(1), 3–21. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019842844

 

Jen, S., & Jones, R. L. (2019). Bisexual Lives and Aging in Context: A Cross-National Comparison of the United Kingdom and the United States. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 89(1), 22–38. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019843661

 

Pang, C., Gutman, G., & de Vries, B. (2019). Later Life Care Planning and Concerns of Transgender Older Adults in Canada. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 89(1), 39–56. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019843520

 

Alba, B., Lyons, A., Waling, A., Minichiello, V., Hughes, M., Barrett, C., … Irlam, C. (2019)*. Demographic and Psychosocial Predictors of Housing Security in Older Lesbian and Gay Australians. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 89(1), 57–76. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019843449

 

Shnoor, Y., & Berg-Warman, A. (2019). Needs of the Aging LGBT Community in Israel. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 89(1), 77–92. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019844452

 

Almack, K., & King, A. (2019). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Trans Aging in a U.K. Context: Critical Observations of Recent Research Literature. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 89(1), 93–107. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019836921

 

Emlet, C. A., O’Brien, K. K., & Fredriksen Goldsen, K. (2019). The Global Impact of HIV on Sexual and Gender Minority Older Adults: Challenges, Progress, and Future Directions. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 89(1), 108–126. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019843456

Additional Publications:

 

Fredriksen Goldsen, K., Romanelli, M., Emlet, C.A., Jung, H. (2022). Health, economic and social disparities among transgender women, transgender men and transgender nonbinary adults: Results from a population-based study. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.106988

 

Fredriksen Goldsen, K. I., Jen, S., Clark, T., Kim, H.-J., Jung, H., Goldsen, J. (2020). Historical and generational forces in the Iridescent Life Course of bisexual women, men, and gender diverse older adults. Sexualities. doi:10.1177/1363460720947313

 

Hoy-Ellis, C. P. (2020). The invisible diversity in our community. The West View.

Fredriksen Goldsen, K., & de Vries, B. (2019). 

 

Global Aging With Pride: International Perspectives on LGBT Aging. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 315–324. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019837648

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Jen, S., & Muraco, A. (2019). Iridescent life course: Review of LGBTQ aging research and blueprint for the future. Gerontology, 65, 253-274. doi:10.1159/000493559

 

Fredriksen Goldsen, K., Kim, H.-J., Jung, H., & Goldsen, J. (2019). The Evolution of Aging With Pride—National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study: Illuminating the Iridescent Life Course of LGBTQ Adults Aged 80 Years and Older in the United States. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 380–404. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019837591

 

Lee, J. J., Kim, H.-J., & Fredriksen Goldsen, K. (2019). The Role of Immigration in the Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Older Adults in the United States. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 89(1), 3–21. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019842844

 

Hua, B., Yang, V. F., & Goldsen, K. F. (2019). LGBT Older Adults at a Crossroads in Mainland China: The Intersections of Stigma, Cultural Values, and Structural Changes Within a Shifting Context. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 88(4), 440–456. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019837614

 

Emlet, C. A., O’Brien, K. K., & Fredriksen Goldsen, K. (2019). The Global Impact of HIV on Sexual and Gender Minority Older Adults: Challenges, Progress, and Future Directions. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 89(1), 108–126. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019843456

 

Emlet, C. A., Fredriksen Goldsen, K., Kim, H.-J., & Jung, H. (2019). Accounting for HIV health disparities: Risk and protective factors among older gay and bisexual men. Journal of Aging and Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264319848570

 

Waling, A., Lyons, A., Alba, B., Minichiello, V., Barrett, C., Hughes, M, Fredriksen Goldsen, K., & Edmonds, S. (2019)*. Experiences and perceptions of residential and in-home care services among older lesbian women and gay men in Australia. Submitted to Health and Social Care in the Community. doi:10.1111/hsc.12760

 

Alba, B., Lyons, A., Waling, A., Minichiello, V., Hug hes, M., Barrett, C., Fredriksen-Goldsen, K., Blanchard, M., & Irlam, C. (2019)*. Demographic and psychosocial predictors of housing security in older lesbian women and gay men. 

The International Journal of Aging and Human Development. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415019843449.

 

Fredriksen Goldsen, K. (2018). Shifting social context in the lives of LGBTQ older adults. Public Policy & Aging Report 28(1), 24-28. https://doi.org/10.1093/ppar/pry003

 

Fabbre, V. D., Jen, S., & Fredriksen Goldsen, K. I. (2018). The state of theory in LGBTQ aging: Implications for gerontological scholarship. Research on Aging. doi:10.1177/0164027518822814

 

Lee, S., Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., McClain, C., Kim, H.-J., Suzer-Gurtekin, Z. T. (2018). Are sexual minorities less likely to participate in surveys? An examination of proxy nonresponse measures and associated biases with sexual orientation in a population-based health survey. Field Methods, 30(3), 208-224.

 

Griffin, M., Gile, K. J., Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Handcock, M. S., & Erosheva, E. A. (2018). A simulation-based framework for assessing the feasibility of respondent-driven sampling for estimating characteristics in populations of lesbian, gay and bisexual older adults. Annals of Applied Statistics, 12(4), 2252-2278.

 

Muraco, A., Putney, J., Shiu, C., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2018). Lifesaving in every way: The role of companion animals in the lives of older lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adults age 50 and over. Research on Aging, 40(9), 859-882.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Jen, S., Bryan, A. E. B., & Goldsen, J. (2018). Cognitive impairment, Alzheimer’s disease, and other dementias in the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) older adults and their caregivers: Needs and competencies. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 37(5), 545-569. doi:10.1177/0733464816672047.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Dismantling the Silence: LGBTQ Aging Emerging from the Margins. The Gerontologist, 57(1), 121–128. doi:10.1093/geront/gnw159

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., McKenzie, G. L., Krinsky, L., & Emlet, C. A. (2017). Plan of action for real-world translation of LGBTQ health and aging research. LGBT Health, 4(6), 384-388. doi:10.1089/lgbt.2017.0185

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., Shiu, C., & Bryan, A. E. B. (2017). ­­­Chronic health conditions and key health indicators among lesbian, gay, and bisexual older US adults, 2013 – 2014. American Journal of Public Health, 107(8), 1332-1338.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., & Kim, H.-J. (2017). The science of conducting research with LGBT older adults – An introduction to Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS). The Gerontologist 57(S1), S1-S14.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Bryan, A. E. B., Jen, S., Goldsen, J., Kim, H.-J., & Muraco, A. (2017). The unfolding of LGBT lives: Key events associated with health and well-being in later life. The Gerontologist 57(S1), S15-S29.

 

Kim, H.-J., Jen, S., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Race/ethnicity and health-related quality of life among LGBT older adults. The Gerontologist 57(S1), S30-S39.

 

Emlet, C. A., Shiu, C., Kim, H.-J., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Bouncing back: resilience and mastery among HIV-positive older gay and bisexual men. The Gerontologist 57(S1), S40-S49.

 

Goldsen, J., Bryan, A. E. B., Kim, H.-J., Muraco, A., Jen, S., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Who says I do: The changing context of marriage and health and quality of life for LGBT older adults. The Gerontologist 57(S1), S50-S62.

 

Hoy-Ellis, C. P., Shiu, C., Sullivan, K., Kim, H.-J., Sturges, A. M., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Prior military service, identity stigma, and mental health among transgender older adults. The Gerontologist 57(S1), S63-S71.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., Bryan, A. E. B., Shiu, C., & Emlet, C. A. (2017). The cascading effects of marginalization and pathways of resilience in attaining good health among LGBT older adults. The Gerontologist 57(S1), S72-S83.

 

Kim, H.-J., Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Bryan, A. E. B., & Muraco, A. (2017). Social network types and mental health among LGBT older adults. The Gerontologist 57(S1), S84-S94.

 

Bryan, A. E. B., Kim, H.-J., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Factors associated with high-risk alcohol consumption among LGB older adults: The roles of gender, social support, perceived stress, discrimination, and stigma. The Gerontologist 57(S1), S95-S104.

 

Shiu, C., Kim, H.-J., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Health care engagement among LGBT older adults: The role of depression diagnosis and symptomatology. The Gerontologist 57(S1), S105-S114.

 

Hoy-Ellis, C. P., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Depression among transgender older adults: General and minority stress. American Journal of Community Psychology, 59, 295-305. doi: 10.1002/ajcp.12138

 

Emlet, C. A., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Green light given to more research on health disparities in LGBT elders. Aging Today 36(1), 1-2.

 

Emlet, C. A., Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H. J., & Hoy-Ellis, C. (2017). The relationship between sexual minority stigma and sexual health risk behaviors among HIV-positive older gay and bisexual men. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 36(8), 931-952. doi:10.1177/0733464815591210

 

Emlet, C. A. (2017). Stigma in an aging context. In. M. Brennan-Ing and R. F. DeMarco (Eds). HIV and Aging. Basel, Switzerland: Karger.

 

Fredriksen Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., & Hoy-Ellis, C. P. (2017). LGBT older adults emerging from the shadows: Health disparities, risk and resilience. J. Wilmoth & M. Silverstein (Eds.), Later-life social support and service provision in diverse and vulnerable populations: Understanding networks of care (pp. 95-117). New York, NY: Taylor & Frances.

 

Fredriksen Goldsen, K. I., Hoy-Ellis, C. P., & Brown, M. (2015). Addressing Behavioral Cancer Risks from a LGBT Health Equity Perspective. In U. Boehmer & R. Elk (Eds.), Cancer and the LGBT community: Unique perspectives from risk to survivorship (pp. 37-62). New York, NY: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15057-4_4.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Hoy-Ellis, C. P., Muraco, A., Goldsen, J., & Kim, H.-J. (2015). The health and well-being of LGBT older adults: Disparities, risks and resilience across the life course. In N. A. Orel & C. A. Fruhauf (Eds.), The lives of LGBT older adults: Understanding challenges and resilience (pp. 25-53). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Shiu, C., Kim, H.-J., Emlet, C. A., & Goldsen, J. (2015). At-Risk and Underserved: LGBTQ Older Adults in Seattle/King County – Findings from Aging with Pride. Seattle: Aging with Pride

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., & Kim, H.-J. (2015). Count Me In – Response to Sexual Orientation Measures Among Older Adults. Research on Aging, 37(5), 464-480. doi: 10.1177/0164027514542109

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., Shiu, C., Goldsen, J., & Emlet, C. A. (2015). Successful Aging Among LGBT Older Adults – Physical and Mental Health-Related Quality of Life by Age Group. The Gerontologist, 55(1), 154-168.  doi: 10.1093/geront/gnu081.

 

Erosheva, E. A., Kim, H. J., Emlet, C., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2015). Social networks of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender older adults. Research on Aging. Advance online access. doi: 0164027515581859

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen K. I., & Espinoza, R. (2015). Time for Transformation – Public Policy Must Change to Achieve Health Equity for LGBT Older Adults. Generations, 38(4), 97-106.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen K. I. (2015). Promoting Health Equity Among LGBT Mid-Life and Older Adults. Generations, 38(4), 86-91.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Simoni, J. M., Kim, H.-J., Lehavot, K., Walters, K. L., Yang, J., Hoy-Ellis, C. P., & Muraco, A. (2014). The Health Equity Promotion Model – Reconceptualization of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health disparities.  American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 84(6), 653-63. doi: 10.1037/ort0000030

 

Foglia, M. B., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2014). Health Disparities among LGBT Older Adults and the Role of Nonconscious Bias. Hastings Center Report, 44, S40–S44. doi:  10.1002/hast.369

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Hoy-Ellis, C. P., Goldsen, J., Emlet, C. A., & Hooyman, N. R. (2014). Creating-a-Vision-for-the-Future-Key-Competencies. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57, 80-107. doi: 10.1080/01634372.2014.890690

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. Despite disparitites, most LGBT elders are aging well. (2014). Aging Today, 35(3), 1-3. Retrieved from http://www.asaging.org/blog/despite-disparities-most-lgbt-elders-are-aging-well

 

Williams, M. E., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2014). Same-sex partnerships and the health of older adults. Journal of Community Psychology, 42(5), 558-570. doi: 10.1002/jcop.21637

 

Muraco, A., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2014). The Highs and Lows of Caregiving for Chronically Ill Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Elders. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57(2-4), 251-72. doi: 10.1080/01634372.2013.860652.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen K. I., Kim, H.-J., Barkan, S. E., Muraco, A., & Hoy-Ellis, C. P. (2013). Health-Disparities-Among-Lesbian-Gay-and-Bisexual-Older-Adults-Results-from-a-Population-Based-Study. American Journal of Public Health, 103(10), 1802-1809. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2012.301110

 

Emlet, C. A., Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., & Kim, H.-J. (2013). Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Health-related quality of life among older gay and bisexual men living with HIV disease. The Gerontologist, 53(6), 963-972. doi:10.1093/geront/gns191

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Cook-Daniels, L., Kim, H.-J., Erosheva, E. A., Emlet, C. A., Hoy-Ellis, C. P., Goldsen, J., & Muraco, A. (2013). Physical and mental health of transgender older adults – An at-risk and underserved population. The Gerontologist. 54(3), 488-500. doi:10.1093/geront/gnt021

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., Goldsen, J., Hoy-Ellis, C. P., Emlet, C. A., Erosheva, E. A., & Muraco, A. (2013). Addressing the Needs of LGBT Older Adults in San Francisco. Seattle, WA: Institute for Multigenerational Health.

 

Kim. H.-J. & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2013). Nonresponse to a question on self-identified sexual orientation in a public health survey and its relationship to race and ethnicity. American Journal of Public Health, 103(1), 67-9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300835

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Emlet, C. A., Kim, H.-J., Muraco, A., Erosheva, E. A., Goldsen, J., & Hoy-Ellis, C. P. (2013). Physical and Mental Health of Lesbian, Gay Male, and Bisexual (LGB) Older Adults – The Role of Key Health Indicators and Risk and Protective Factors. The Gerontologist, 53(4), 664-675. Editors’ Choice. doi: 10.1093/geront/gns123

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., Hoy-Ellis, C. P., Goldsen, J., Jensen, D., Adelman, M., Costa, M., & De Vries, B. (2013). Addressing the Needs of LGBT Older Adults in San Francisco. Seattle, WA: Institute for Multigenerational Health.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., & Bonifas, R. (2013). Long-term care: The global impact on women. In M. B. Goldman, R. Troisi, & K. M. Rexrode (Eds.), Women and health, second edition (pp. 1515-1526). Waltham, MA: Elsevier Inc.

 

Simoni, J. M., Smith, L., Lehavot, K., Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., & Walters, K. L. (2013). Lesbian and bisexual women’s physical health. In C. J. Patterson & A. R. D’Augelli (Eds.), Handbook of psychology and sexual orientation (pp. 179-190). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., & Barkan, S. E. (2012). Disability among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults: Disparities in prevalence and risk. American Journal of Public Health, 102(1), 16-21. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300379

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., & Emlet, C. A. (2012). Health disparities among LGBT older adults living with HIV. Aging Today Online. Retrieved from http://www.asaging.org/blog/research -note-health-disparities-among-lgbt-older-adults-living-hiv

 

Kim, H.-J., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2012). Hispanic lesbians and bisexual women at heightened risk of health disparities.  American Journal of Public Health, 102(1), 9-15. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300378

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2012). Informal caregiving in the LGBT communities. In T. Witten & E. Eyler (Eds.), Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender aging: Challenges in research, practice, and policy (pp. 59-83). Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press. Peer-reviewed.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2011). Resilience and disparities among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender older adults. Public Policy & Aging Report, 21(3), 3-7. Retrieved from http://ppar.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/3/3.full.pdf+html

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2011). Facing statistical realities: What is the health status of LGBT elders? Aging Today, 32(4), 8.

 

Muraco, A., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2011). That’s what friends do: Informal caregiving for chronically ill midlife and older LGB adults. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 28(8), 1073-1092. doi: 10.1177/0265407511402419

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., Emlet, C. A., Muraco, A., Erosheva, E. A., Hoy-Ellis, C. P., Goldsen, J., Petry, H. (2011). The Aging and Health Report: Disparities and Resilience among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Older Adults. Seattle: Institute for Multigenerational Health.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., Barkan, S. E., Balsam, K. F., & Mincer, S. L. (2010). Disparities in health-related quality of life: A comparison of lesbians and bisexual women. American Journal of Public Health, 100(11), 2255-2261. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.177329

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., & Muraco, A. (2010). Aging and sexual orientation: A 25-year review of the literature. Research on Aging, 32(3), 372-413. doi: 10.1177/0164027509360355

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2010). Older GLBT family and community life: Contemporary experiences, realities, and future directions. Reprinted in Fruhauf, C. A., & Mahoney, D. (Eds.), Older GLBT family and community life (pp. xiii-xiv). London, England: Routledge.

 

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Kim, H.-J., Muraco, A., & Mincer, S. (2009). Chronically ill midlife and older lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals and their informal caregivers: The impact of the social context. Journal of Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 6(4), 52-64. doi: 10.1525/srsp.2009.6.4.52

* Australian Rainbow Ageing Study